New Research and Publications
Report of the Attorney General's Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence Now Available in EPUB Format
The "Report of the Attorney General's National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence" is now available in EPUB and MOBI formats. Commissioned as part of Attorney General Eric Holder's Defending Childhood Initiative, this report details the task force’s findings and provides policy recommendations to address and reduce the impact of trauma on children who witness or experience violence.
Survey Finds Youth Benefit From Violence Prevention Programs
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal has published "Youth Exposure to Violence Prevention Programs in a National Sample." This paper is based on research from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), a study that OJJDP sponsors on the prevalence of children's exposure to violence. The survey findings show that two-thirds of children ages 5–9 and three-quarters of youth 10–17 years old have benefitted from formal bullying or violence prevention programs. The researchers found that school-age children had lower levels of both peer victimization and perpetration, while older youth made more disclosures about victimization to parents and authorities.
Findings From Teen Dating Study Available
"Technology, Teen Dating Violence and Abuse, and Bullying" presents findings showing that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender teenagers are at much greater risk of dating abuse than their heterosexual counterparts. It also reports that transgender teens are especially vulnerable to abuse.
Report Discusses Child Welfare Outcomes
The Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Administration for Children and Families has released "Child Welfare Outcomes 2008-2011: Report to Congress." This report informs Congress and child welfare professionals about state and national performance on outcome measures for children served by child welfare systems.
Briefs Discuss Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice System
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network, a program of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Center for Mental Health Services, has released six online briefs that discuss the key elements of a trauma-informed juvenile justice system.
Adolescent Health Highlights Use of Illicit Drugs
Child Trends' latest brief in its new "Adolescent Health Highlights" series is "Use of Illicit Drugs". It summarizes the extent, types, and patterns of adolescent drug use; the effects of illicit drugs on adolescents' health and well-being; and strategies to combat their use.
KIDS COUNT Data Book Addresses Child Well-Being
The Annie E. Casey Foundation released its 2013 KIDS COUNT Data Book, a publication providing state and national data on 16 key indicators of child well-being across four domains (economics, education, health, and family and community) along with state rankings.
Bureau of Justice Statistics Releases 2012 School Crime and Safety Report
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has released "Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2012." This report, a joint effort by BJS and the National Center for Education Statistics, provides the most current data on crime and safety at school. The report contains 21 indicators of school crime from a variety of sources, including national surveys of students, teachers, and principals. Topics include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyberbullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school.
Department of Health and Human Services Releases Guidance on Victims of Childhood Trauma
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued a comprehensive guidance letter to child welfare professionals and providers serving children and families who have experienced severe trauma. This guidance—based on emerging research and the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study—encourages the integrated use of trauma-focused screening, functional assessments, and evidence-based best practices to improve children’s well-being.
Preventing Gang Membership Book Published
The National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have published "Changing Course: Preventing Gang Membership." Written by leading public health and criminal justice researchers, it provides principles to help practitioners and policymakers make decisions based on the best available evidence to prevent kids from joining a gang. The book examines why youth are attracted to gangs, explores key child development issues and risks for joining a gang, and offers prevention strategies that a variety of stakeholders — such as schools, law enforcement, public health, and communities — can use to address their specific needs.
OJJDP Releases Survey Data on Juveniles in Residential Placement
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, through the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, has released the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement (SYRP) 2003. SYRP collects data from youth in the juvenile justice system ages 10-20. The survey asked youth about their backgrounds, offense histories, experiences in the confinement facility, their use of alcohol and drugs, their medical needs and the services they received, and any experiences of victimization in placement.
SAMHSA Releases a Suicide Prevention Toolkit for High Schools
The Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has released Preventing Suicide: A Toolkit for High Schools. This toolkit assists in designing and implementing strategies to prevent suicide and promote behavioral health. It includes tools to implement a multifaceted suicide prevention program that responds to students' needs and cultures.
Brief Provides Best Practices for Victimized and Traumatized Children
The Safe Start Center has released Victimization and Trauma Experienced by Children and Youth: Implications for Legal Advocates, a 16-page brief that examines the prevalence and impact of child victimization and exposure to violence. The publication also discusses trauma-related stress symptoms and provides guidance for advancing policy to support trauma-informed practice.
Online Newsletter Provides Mentoring Resources
MENTOR: The National Mentoring Partnership has released The Chronicle of Evidence-Based Mentoring, a new online newsletter for mentoring professionals. The newsletter highlights new research findings and ideas about youth mentoring and provides practitioners a forum to share their experiences.
Safe Start Center Releases Toolkit on Children Exposed to Violence
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s Safe Start Center has released a toolkit to increase awareness about the prevalence of children’s exposure to violence. The free, online resource includes an infographic and links to tip sheets, guides, and other publications on children exposed to violence.
OJJDP Bulletin Examines Effects and Consequences of Underage Drinking
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has released "Effects and Consequences of Underage Drinking." The bulletin presents findings from a literature review that investigated how underage drinking can affect a youth’s physical, emotional, and neurological health. It also discusses the personal, legal, and economic consequences of underage drinking.
Learn More (PDF - 555 KB)
New CDC Study Shows Teen Drivers Take Risks, Make Poor Choices
A new study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows today’s teens are making poor choices when it comes to driving. The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance study found that 58 percent of high school seniors admitted to texting while driving within 30 days before the survey. Nationwide, 32.8 percent of all students had texted or e-mailed while driving a car. Fewer admit to drinking and driving.
Learn More (PDF - 3.46 MB)
Identifying, Investigating, and Prosecuting Trafficking Cases examines human trafficking cases
Identifying, Investigating, and Prosecuting Trafficking Cases examines the practices that improve the ability of local law enforcement agencies to identify, investigate, and prosecute trafficking cases; factors that led to successful prosecution; and factors that were barriers to prosecution.
Learn More (PDF - 2.63 MB)
"Growing Up LGBT in America" Surveys More Than 10,000 LGBT Youth
"Growing Up LGBT in America" is a study of 10,000 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) young people and straight youth ages 13-17. This study is the largest known survey of LGBT youth. Major findings show that LGBT youth are twice as likely as their peers to report they have been physically assaulted, kicked, or shoved at school. In addition, more than one-half of LGBT youth (54 percent) say they have been verbally harassed and called names involving anti-gay slurs.
Learn More (PDF - 443 KB)
White House Council for Community Solutions Cites the Importance of Mentoring
White House Council for Community Solutions’ Final Report to President Obama cites youth mentoring as one of the key recommendations to help disconnected youth get on a path to education, employment, and economic prosperity. The report revealed at least 6.7 million young people between 16 and 24 are out of school and the workforce. In 2011 alone, taxpayers shouldered $93 billion in direct and indirect costs related to these young people, according to the report. One striking figure from the final report indicated that almost 80 percent of disconnected youth want to connect with successful peers they can relate to, college professors, and business mentors, to get help going back to school and work.
Learn More (PDF - 4.78 MB)
AMBER Alert Best Practices Guide Created to Support Effective Responses to Child Abductions
AMBER Alert Best Practices is a guide that discusses the most effective strategies that AMBER (America’s Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response) partners have provided for recovering missing children. The guide spells out roles and responsibilities and the progression of events in a well-coordinated AMBER Alert activation.
Learn More (PDF - 835 KB)
CDC Guide Assists Youth-Serving Organizations with Prevention Strategies for Child Sexual Abuse
Preventing Child Sexual Abuse Within Youth-serving Organizations: Getting Started on Policies and Procedures, developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is a guide to assist youth-serving organizations as they begin to adopt prevention strategies for child sexual abuse. The guide includes prevention goals and critical strategies and provides suggestions for addressing challenges and tools to help organizations get started.
Study: Significant Number of Young Americans Get Arrested
By age 23, up to 41 percent of American adolescents and young adults have been arrested at least once for something other than a minor traffic violation, according to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics. In the study, Robert Brame, professor of criminal justice and criminology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and his colleagues analyzed responses to a national survey of more than 7,000 young people between 1997 and 2008. They found that between 25 and 41 percent of the respondents reported one arrest by the age of 23; 16 to 27 percent of the respondents reported being arrested by age 18.
Newsletter Focuses on Children Exposed to Violence
The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) announced the release of the November issue of "OVC News & Program Updates," a valuable tool for sharing information about OVC's initiatives, events, and other items of special interest. This edition highlights the impact of child identity theft, child exploitation, the provision of services to drug-endangered children, and more.
America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well Being, 2011
The Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics has released “America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well Being, 2011.” This year’s report provides detailed statistics about youth family and social environment, economic circumstances, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education and health.
Theantidrug.com provides resources for adults who work with teens
Parents and other adults can be a teen’s greatest influence. Theantidrug.com explores drug facts, signs and symptoms of use, and tips from experts to help keep teens drug-free. Information on prevention, treatment, and recovery are also available.
The Campaign for Youth Justice publishes Misguided Measure: The Outcomes and Impacts of Measure 11 on Oregon’s Youth
Fifteen years after Measure 11 was enacted, the Campaign for Youth Justice and Partnership for Safety and Justice embarked on a study to determine the impact that Measure 11 has had on youth in Oregon. The authors analyzed data on 3,274 young people indicted under Measure 11 offenses since 1995. The authors also looked at a subset of 759 cases handled between 2006 and 2008 to understand the current way Measure 11 is being implemented in 36 Oregon counties.
Read the full report (PDF - 6.6 MB)
Mentoring Relationships and Programs for Youth
Mentoring is one of the most popular social interventions in American society, with an estimated three million youth in formal one-to-one relationships. Studies have revealed significant associations between youth involvement in mentoring relationships and positive developmental outcomes.
Learn More (PDF 98 KB)
Mentoring Children of Prisoners Fact Sheet
Through the Mentoring Children of Prisoners Program, the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) awards grants to community organizations that provide mentors to children and youth with incarcerated parents.
Learn More (PDF 587 KB)
Highlights of the 2009 National Youth Gang Survey
Gangs, and their activities, remain a serious concern for law enforcement agencies and the public in many jurisdictions across the United States. Since 1996, the National Gang Center, through the National Youth Gang Survey (NYGS), has collected data annually from a large, representative sample of local law enforcement agencies to track the size and scope of the national gang problem. This fact sheet summarizes findings from the 2009 NYGS.
Learn More (PDF 326 KB)
Federal Resources on Missing and Exploited Children: A Directory for Law Enforcement and Other Public and Private Agencies, Sixth Edition
First published in 1996, Federal Resources on Missing and Exploited Children is designed to be used by agencies and organizations involved in the safe recovery of missing children. It contains the most up-to-date information about and links to the 16 federal and 2 nonfederal agencies that make up the Federal Agency Task Force for Missing and Exploited Children. The directory is a compilation of services, programs, publications, and training offered by these agencies to address the issues of child sexual exploitation, child pornography, child abduction, and missing children cases. The new edition of the directory has been redesigned to provide comprehensive, accessible agency information in a concise, user-friendly format.
View the Directory (PDF 386 KB)
Mentoring Toolkit For Individuals Who Want to be Mentors
Mentors can give young people the extra encouragement and support they need to be the best they can be in life.
Download the mentoring toolkit (PDF 192 KB)
SAMHSA Releases School Toolkit for Suicide Prevention
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Suicide Prevention Research Center (SPRC) has released “After a Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools.” The toolkit describes common warning signs and causes of suicide, provides best practices on suicide prevention in schools, and provides information about how a school should respond when a suicide has occurred. Topics include crisis response, helping students cope, working with the community, social media, bringing in outside help, and more.
Download After a Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools (PDF 401 KB)
PREA Data Collection Activities 2011
PREA Data Collection Activities 2011 (PDF 471 KB) describes BJS activities related to the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79), which requires BJS to carry out, for each calendar year, a comprehensive statistical review and analysis of the incidence and effects of prison rape. The Act requires the Attorney General to submit a report listing institutions in the sample and ranking them according to the incidence of prison rape.
Daring to Fail: First-Person Stories of Criminal Justice Reform
"Daring to Fail: First-Person Stories of Criminal Justice Reform" (NCJ 233452, 93 pp.) is a collection of interviews with leaders in a variety of fields, including prosecution, policing, community corrections, and indigent defense. This publication offers valuable lessons about leadership, management, and innovation. (BJA)
Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior Among Serious Adolescent Offenders
"Substance Use and Delinquent Behavior Among Serious Adolescent Offenders" (PDF 490 KB) (NCJ 232790, 16 pp.) presents results from the Pathways to Desistance study. This bulletin focuses on understanding the connection between substance use and serious offending, including how these behaviors affect one another in adolescence and how they change in early adulthood, particularly when one behavior ceases. (OJJDP)
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